Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2019, Page: 62-70
Effects of Rhizobium Inoculation and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) at Goro, Bale Zone, Oromia Regional State
Tamiru Meleta, Sinana Agricultural Research Centre, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Girma Abera, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Received: Apr. 2, 2019;       Accepted: May 17, 2019;       Published: Jun. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20190503.11      View  132      Downloads  60
Abstract
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important legume crop in Ethiopia. However, the productivity of the crop is very low due to a number of constraints out of which soil nutrient depletions a serious problem. Field experiment was conducted in 2015/16 in Goro, Bale Zone, Oromia Regional State to determine the effectiveness of Rhizobium strains and phosphorus fertilizer application on two varieties of chickpea (Arerti and Habru). The thirty treatments included: two Rhizobial inoculants (EAL018andEAL029), five P2O5 rate (0, 15, 30, 45and 60 kg P2O5 ha-1); and two varieties of chickpea (Arerti and Habru). The experiment was set up in split plot design with factorial arrangement of two varieties of chickpea on the main plots and five levels of P2O5 and two types of Rhizobium in the subplot. Flowering date and plant height (PH) were significantly affected due to varieties, application of P2O5 and Rhizobium inoculation. The shoot dry matter production, number of primary and secondary branch, maturity date, number of pod and seed per plant, above ground biomass (AGBM), grain yield, thousand grain weight, were significantly affected by variety, rhizobium inoculation and application of P2O5. Maximum response was obtained from EAL029 strain inoculation and application of 45kg P2O5 ha-1 for dry matter production, number of pod and seed per plant, AGBM and grain yield. However, increasing P2O5 applications from 45 to 60 kg ha-1 provide maximum thousand grain weight respectively. The current investigation indicated that Arerti variety inoculation with Rhizobium strain EAL029 along with application of P2O5 at rate of 45 kg ha-1 found to be appropriate for chickpea production in the study area. Since the experiment was conducted only for one year, we suggest the results to be verified with more varieties of chickpea and rhizobium strain under the same agro-climatic conditions.
Keywords
Chickpea, Phosphorus, Rhizobia Strain, Yield
To cite this article
Tamiru Meleta, Girma Abera, Effects of Rhizobium Inoculation and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) at Goro, Bale Zone, Oromia Regional State, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2019, pp. 62-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20190503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Redden B, Furman BJ, Upadhyaya HD, Pundir RPS, Gowda CLL, Coyne C, Enne king D. 2007. Biodiversity Management in Chickpea. In: Yadav SS, Redden R, Chen W, Sharma B, editors. Chickpea Breeding & Management. CABI, Walling ford, UK. Pp 355-368
[2]
CSA (Central Statistics Authority). 2015. Agricultural Sample Survey. Reports on area under cultivation, yield and production of major crops for main (Maher) season, Ethiopia.
[3]
Bejiga, G. and Dab K. 2006. Breeding chickpea for wide adaptation. In: Food and Forage Legumes of Ethiopia: Progress and Prospects, pp. 59-66.
[4]
Gidago Gifole, Sheleme Beyene, Walelign Worku and Ethiopia Sodo. Response of Haricot Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to Phosphorus Application on Ultisols atAreka, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Biology Agric. and Healthcare1, no. 3 (2011): 38-49.
[5]
Nchimbi-M solla S. and Try phone G. M. 2010. The effect of the environment on iron and zinc concentrations and performance of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes. Asian Journal of Plant Science 9: 455-462.
[6]
ZamanS. Mazid M. A. and Kabir G. 2011. Effect of Rhizobium inoculants on nodulation, yield and yield traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in four different soils of greater Rajshahi. Journal of Life and Earth Sciences 6: 45-50.
[7]
Chabot R. Antoun H. And Cescas M. C. 1996. Growth promotion of maize and lettuce by phosphate-solubilizing. Plant and Soil, 184: 311–321.
[8]
Tesfaye M. J. Liu D. L. Allan and Vance C. P. 2007, Genomic and genetic control of phosphate stress in legumes. Plant Physiol. 144. 594-603.
[9]
ZafarM. Maqsood M. Ramzan M. Amzan A. and Zahid A. 2003. Growth and yield of lentil as affected by phosphorus. Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 1560-8530.
[10]
Erman, M. B. Yildirim, N. Togay and F. Cig, 2009. Effect of phosphorus application and Rhizobium inoculation on the yield, nodulation and nutrient uptake in field pea (Pisum sativumsp. arvense L.). J. of Anim. andVeter. Adva. 8 (2): 301-304.
[11]
Elahi, N. S. Musta F. and Mirza J. I. 2004. Growth and nodulation of mungbean (Vignardiat L.) as affected by sodium chloride. JRes. Sci. 15: 39-143.
[12]
Tena W. Wolde-Meskel E. Walley F. 2016. Symbiotic Efficiency of Native and Exotic Rhizobium Strains Nodulating Lentil (Lens culinaris medik.) in Soils of Southern Ethiopia. Agronomy6 (11): 1-10.
[13]
Togay N. Togay Y. Cimrin K. M. Turan M. 2008. Effectof Rhizobium inoculation, sulfur and phosphorus application on yield, yield components and nutrient uptake in Trigonella foenum- graecum L. J. Environment and Ecology, 9: 281-287.
[14]
Namvar A. Seyed Sharifi R KhandanT. Jafari Moghadam M. 2013 Seed Inoculation and Inorganic Nitrogen Fertilization Effects on Some Physiological and Agronomical Traits of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Irrigated Condition and Appl. Scie. 5 (7): 793–799.
[15]
Behzad Mahmoodi, Amir Abbas Mosavi, Morteza Sam Daliri and Namdari M. 2013. The evaluation of different values of phosphorus and sulphur application in yield components and seed quality characteristics of soy bean (Glycinmax L.) Advances in Environmental Biology, 7 (1): 170-176.
[16]
Malik M. A. Mumtaz A. C. Haroon Z. K. and Wahid M. A. 2006. Growth and yield response of soybean (Glycinmax L.) to seed inoculation and varying P levels. J. Agric. Res. 44 (1): 155-161.
[17]
Gustfson A. A. 2010. Hand book of fertilizers, their source, makeup, effect and use (3rd). Agro bios, India. Pp. 78-88.
[18]
Yilmaz S. 2008. Effects of increased phosphorus rates and plant densities on yield and yield related traits of Narvon vetch lines. TurkJAgric. 32: 49-56.
[19]
Alemu Desa. 2009. Effect of phosphorus application and rhizobium inoculation on nodulation, yield and yield related traits of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in sinana, south eastern Ethiopia. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
[20]
Abbasid K. M. Manor, Mandy Tapir M. M. 2010. Efficiency of Rhizobium inoculation and P fertilization in enhancing nodulation, seed yield, and phosphorus use efficiency by field grown soybean under hilly region of Rawalakot Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 33: 1080–1102.
[21]
SinghA. Baoule A. Ahmed HG. Dikko AU. Aliyu U. Sokoto MB. Hassan J. Musa M. Haliru B. 2011. Influence of phosphorus on the performance of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) varieties in the Sudan savanna of Nigeria. Agri. Science. 2 (3): 313-317.
[22]
Bhuiyan M. Khanam D. Hossain M. Ahmed M. 2009. Effect of rhizobium inoculation on nodulation and yield of chickpea in Calcareous soil. Bangladesh J. of Agri. Research 33: 549-554.
[23]
Getchew A. and Rezone F. 2006. Response of Faber Bean to Phosphate Fertilizer and Weed Control on Nit sols of Ethiopian Highlands. Holeta Agricu. Resea. Cent. EARO.
[24]
Morad M. SaraS. Alireza E. Reza CM. Mohammad D. (2013). Effects of seed inoculation by Rhizobium strains on yield and yield components in common bean cultivars (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). International Journal of Biosciences, Vol. 3, p. 134-141, 2013.
[25]
Tairo E. V. and Ndakidemi P. A. 2013. Bradyrhizobium japonicum Inoculation and phosphorus supplementation on growth and chlorophyll accumulation in soybean (Glycinemax L.). Am. J. Plant Sci. 4: 2281.
[26]
Kamara A. Y. Abaidoo R. Kwari J. and Omoigui L. 2007. Influence of phosphorus application on growth and yield of soybean genotypes in the tropical savannas of northeast Nigeria, Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 53: 5, 539-552.
[27]
Bhuiyan M. M. H, Rahman M. M. Afroze F. Sutradhar G. N. C. and Bhuiyan M. S. I. 2008. Effect of phosphorus, molybdenum and Rhizobium inoculation on growth and nodulation of mungbean Scientific Officer, RARS, Hathazari, Chittagong. J. Soil Nature. 2 (2): 25-30.
[28]
AliM. E. Khanam D. M. Bhuiya H. A. Khatun M. R. and Talukder M. R. 2008. Effect of Rhizobium inoculation on different varieties of garden pea (Pisumsativum L.). J. Soi. Nature 2: 30-33.
[29]
CIMMYT. 1998. From agronomic data to farmer recommendations: Economics training manual completely revised. CIMMYT, Mexico, D. F.
Browse journals by subject