Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 124-134
Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Plants Grown in Sewage Sludge Amended Soil
George Fouad Antonious, Division of Environmental Studies, College of Agriculture, Communities, and the Environment, Kentucky State University, Frankfort, Kentucky, United States
Received: Jul. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 21, 2020;       Published: Oct. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20200605.14      View  26      Downloads  25
A survey was established to study the mobility of metals (Cr, Mo, Cu, and Zn) from soils amended with municipal sewage sludge (SS) into plants grown at three locations in Kentucky and compare metal concentrations in plants to their permissible standard limits. The field experiments were established at Meade, Adair, and Franklin Counties in Kentucky areas where commercial growers use SS as alternative to inorganic fertilizers. Metals in soil and plant tissue were quantified using Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) spectrometer. Results revealed that different trace metals had different uptake pattern by different plants. Cr concentrations in beans has shown very little accumulation in bean seeds. Cr and Mo concentrations in plants grown at the three locations were below the permissible level of 1.3 µg g-1 tissue. Other than onion bulbs, Cu concentrations were above the permissible level of 10 µg g-1 tissue in plants grown at Meade site. At the Adair site, Cu was above the limit only in tobacco leaves. Whereas at Franklin site, Cu was above the limit in potato tubers, onion bulbs, and tomato fruits. Zn concentration in all plants tested never exceeded the permissible level of 0.6 µg g-1 tissue.
Agricultural Soils, Biosolids, Bioaccumulation Factor, Metal Contamination, Root-to-Shoot Translocation
To cite this article
George Fouad Antonious, Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Plants Grown in Sewage Sludge Amended Soil, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2020, pp. 124-134. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20200605.14
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Chakrabarti K, Bhattacharyya P, Chakraborty A. Effects of metal-contaminated organic wastes on microbial biomass and activities: A review. In: Heavy Metal Contamination of Soil. Ahmed I, Hayat S, Pichtel J, editors. Science Publishers. Inc. Plymouth, UK. 2005; 195-204.
McGrath, S., Zhao F. J., Dunham, S. J., Crosland, A. R., Coleman, A. (2000). Long-term changes in the extractability and bioavailability of zinc and cadmium after sludge application," Journal of Environmental Quality. 29, 875-883.
Antonious, G. and J. Snyder. Accumulation of heavy metals in plants and potential phytoremediation of lead by potato, Solanum tuberosum L. J Environ. Sci. Health, Part A. vol. 42, pp. 811-816, May 2007.
Vidal-Vázquez, E., Caridad-Cancela R., Taboada-Castro, M. M., Paz-Gonza lez, A., Aparecida de Abreu, C. (2005). Trace elements extracted by DTPA and Mehlich-3 from agricultural soils with and without compost additions," Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 36, 717-727.
Thuy, H. T. T., N. N. H. Vy, and T. T. C. Loan, "Anthropogenic Input of Selected Heavy Metals (Cu, Cr, Pb, Zn and Cd) in the Aquatic Sediments of Hochiminh City, Vietnam," Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. vol. 182, pp. 73-81, 2007.
Antonious, G. F., Turley, E. T., Sikora, F., Snyder, J. C. (2008). Heavy metal mobility in runoff water and absorption by eggplant fruits from sludge treated soil. J Environ Sci Health, Part B. 43, 526-532.
Raven JA; Evans MCW; Korb RE (1999). The role of trace metals in photosynthetic electron transport in O2-evolving organisms. Photosynth. Res. 60: 111-149.
Halliwell B; Gutteridge JMC (1984) Oxygen toxicity, oxygen radicals, transition metals and disease. Biochem. J. 219: 1-14.
WHO (World Health Organisation 1990) Chromium (Environmental Health Criteria 61) International Programme on Chemical Safety, Geneva, Switzerland.
Dixit V, Pandey V, Shyam R (2002) Chromium ions inactivate electron transport and enhance superoxide generation in vivo in pea (Pisum sativum L. cv: Azad) root mitochondria. Plant Cell Env. 25: 687-693.
Panda SK, Mahapatra S, Patra HK (2002) Chromium toxicity and water stress simulation effects in intact senescing leaves of greengram (Vigna radiata L. var Wilckzeck K851), In: Panda SK (ed.), Advances in stress physiology of plants, pp. 129-136. Scientific Publishers, India.
Di Baccio, D., Kopriva, S.; Sebastiani, L.; Rennenberg, H. (2005. Does glutathione metabolism have a role in the defense of poplar against zinc excess? New Phytol. 167: 73-80.
Broadley, M. R., P. J. White, J. P. Hammond, I. Zelko and A. Lux. 2007. Zinc in plants. New Phytol. 173: 677-702.
Pedler, J. F., T. B. Kinraide and D. R. Parker. 2004. Zinc rhizotoxicity in wheat and radish is alleviated by micromolar levels of magnesium and potassium in solution culture. Plant Soil 259: 191-199.
Kaiser, BN; Gridley, KL; Ngaire BJ; Phillips, T; Tyerman, SD. The role of molybdenum in agricultural plant production. Ann Bot 2005, 96, 745-754.
Hille, R. (2013). The molybdenum oxotransferases and related enzymes. Dalton Trans. 42, 3029-3042.
Kubota, J., Molybdenum status of United States soils and plants, in Molybdenum in the Environment, Chappell, W. R. and Peterson, K. K., Eds., Marcel Dekker, New York, 1977, 555.
Pieri, de L. A., Buckley, W. T., and Kowalenko, C. G., Micronutrient concentrations of commercially grown vegetables and of soils in the Lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia, Can. J. Soil Sci., 76, 173, 1996.
Takkar, P. N., Micronutrients: forms, content, distribution in profile, indices of availability and soil test methods, in Abstr., 12th Int. Soil Sci. Congr., Part 1, New Delhi, 1982, 361.
Kabata-Pendias, A. and Pendias, H. (2001). Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, Chapter 11 Elements of Group VI: Molybdenum and Chromium, 3rd Edition CRS Press, Washington, DC.
Antonious GF, Silitonga MR, Tsegaye T, Unrine JM, Coolong T, and Snyder JC (2013). Elevated concentrations of trace-elements in soil do not necessarily reflect metals available to plants. J. Environmental Sci. Health, Part-B, volume 48, 219-225.
Antonious GF and Kochhar TS (2009). Mobility of heavy metals from soil into hot pepper fruits: A field study. Bull. Environ. Contamination & Toxicology 82, 59-63, 2009.
Coolong T, Bessin R, Wright S, Strang J, Seebold K (2019-2020). Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers. University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service. Lexington, KY 40546. 2012.
Antonious, G. F., Turley, E. T., Dawood, M. H. (2020. Monitoring soil enzymes activity before and after animal manure application. J. Agriculture 10, 166; doi: 10.3390/agriculture10050166.
EPA Method 6020a: Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. USEPA, Washington, DC. 1998.
Anton, A.; Mathe-Gaspar, G. Factors affecting heavy metal uptake in plant selection for phytoremediation. Z. Naturforschung 2005, 60, 244-246.
SAS Institute Inc. SAS/STAT Guide, Version 6.4 SAS 2016 Inc., Campus Drive, Cary, NC 27513.
Vajpayee P, Tripati RD, Rai UN, Ali MB, Singh SN (2000) Chromium accumulation reduces chlorophyll biosynthesis, nitrate reductase activity and protein content of Nymphaea alba. Chemosphere 41, 1075-1082.
Panda SK, Choudhury S (2005) Changes in nitrate reductase (NR) activity and oxidative stress in moss Polytrichum commune subjected to chromium, copper and zinc toxicity. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 17 (2), 191-197.
Kunze R, Frommer WB, Flu¨ ge U-I. 2002. Metabolic engineering of plants: the role of membrane transport. Metabolic Engineering 4, 57-66.
Kra¨mer, U. 2005. Phytoremediation: novel approaches to cleaning up polluted soils. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 16, 133-141.
Kra¨mer U, Talke IN, Hanikenne M. 2007. Transition metal transport. FEBS Letters 581, 2263-2272.
Palmgren MG, Clemens S, Williams LE, Kra¨mer U, Borg S, Schjorring JK, Sanders D. 2008. Zinc biofortification of cereals; problems and solutions. Trends in Plant Science 13, 464-473.
Zhao F-J, McGrath SP. 2009. Biofortification and phytoremediation. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 12, 373-380.
Kra¨mer U. 2009. The dillema of controlling heavy metal accumulation in plants. New Phytologist 181, 3-5.
Reeves, RD (2006). Hyperaccumulation of trace elements by plants. Springer DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-4688-X_2 Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227157517.
Raisbeck, M. F., Siemion, R. S. and Smith, M. A. (2006). Modest copper supplementation blocks molybdenosis in cattle. J Vet Diagn Invest 18: 566-572.
Vyskocil, A. and Viau, C. (1999) Assessment of molybdenum toxicity in humans. J Appl. Toxicol 19: 185-192.
Kargar, M; Khorasani, N; Karami, M; Rafiee, GR; Naseh, R. Study of aluminum, copper, and molybdenum pollution in groundwater sources surrounding Shahr-E-Babak copper complex tailings dam. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 2011, 76, 412-416.
Yu, C., Xu, S., Gang, M., Chen, G. and Zhou, L. (2011) Molybdenum pollution and speciation in Nver River sediments impacted with Mo mining activities in western Liaoning, northeast China. Int J Environ Res 5: 205-212.
United Kingdom Food Standards Agency (2000). Review of Molybdenum. Report prepared for the. Report EVM/00/09P: 8-11. Website: http://archive.food.gov.uk/committees/evm/papers/evm9.pdf Also available In: System Biology in Reproductive Medicine 59 (2), 2013.
Pandey, R. and Singh, S. P. (2002) Effects of molybdenum on fertility of male rats. Biometals 15: 65-72.
Meeker, J. D., Rossano, M. G., Protas, B., Diamond, M. P., Puscheck, E., Daly, D. et al. (2008) Cadmium, lead, and other metals in relation to semen quality: human evidence for molybdenum as a male reproductive toxicant. Environ Health Perspect 116: 1473-1479.
Wirth, J. J. and Mijal, R. S. (2010) Adverse effects of low level heavy metal exposure on male reproductive function. Syst Biol Reprod Med 56: 147-167.
Verkleij, J. A. C., Golan-Goldhirsh, A., Antosiewiszc, D. M., Schwitzguébel, J. P., Schröder, P. (2009). Dualities in plant tolerance to pollutants and their uptake and translocation to the upper plant parts. Environmental and Experimental Botany 67 (2009) 10-22.
Baker DE; Senef JP (1995) Copper. In: Alloway BJ (ed.), Heavy metals in soils, pp. 179-205. Blackie Academic and Professional, London.
Fraga, C. G. (2005). Relevance, essentiality and toxicity of trace elements in human health. Molecular Aspect of Medicine (26) p 235-244.
Minnich, M. M., McBride, M. B., and Chaney, R. L., Copper activity in soil solution. II. Relation to copper accumulation young snap beans, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 51, 573, 1987.
Langerwerff, J. V. and Milberg, R. P., Sign-of-charge of species of Cu, Cd and Zn extracted from sewage sludge, and effect of plants, Plant and Soil, 49, 117, 1978.
Tinker, P. B., Levels, distribution and chemical forms of trace elements in food plants, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, 294b, 41, 1981.
Weinberg, E. D., Ed., Microorganisms and Minerals, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1977, 492.
Cabot, C., Martos, S., Llugany, M., Gallego, B., Tolrà, R., Poschenrieder, C (2019). A Role for Zinc in Plant Defense Against Pathogens and Herbivores. Front. Plant Sci. 10, 1171.
World Health Organization (WHO) permissible limits for heavy metals in soil and plants, 1996, Geneva, Switzerland. https://www.omicsonline.org/articles-images/2161-0525-5-334-t011.html.
Sims, J. L. (1981). Molybdenum nutrition of crops in Kentucky. Soil Science Views, 107, University of Kentucky. https://uknowledge.uky.edu/pss_views/107.
Antonious, GF; Snyder, JC; Berke, T; Jarret RL (2010). Screening Capsicum chinense for heavy metals bioaccumulation. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part-B, 45 (6), 562-571.
Antonious GF, Dennis SO, and Unrine JM, Snyder JC (2011). Heavy metals uptake in plant parts of Sweet potato grown in soil fertilized with municipal sewage sludge. International journal of Geology, 5 (1), 14-20.
Browse journals by subject